Wind band instruments
The absence of strings is compensated by wind instruments normally unrelated to symphony orchestra, such as saxhorns, or by the massive use of wind instruments made in several "sizes", such as various kinds of clarinet and saxophone.
In Italy until 1860 no wind bands existed with the pre-defined set of instruments and only the Papal States had some wind bands working full time, while elsewhere civil wind bands mostly played in special occasions, such as weddings and receptions of sovereigns. In 1865, in a music congress held in Naples, Krakamp's project which distinguished wind bands from fanfares was accepted. In 1901 director Alessandro Vessella, in Rome, carried on a reform which was welcomed also from abroad and contemplated a single score split by instrument group.
Nowadays the musical instruments typically used in Italian wind bands are classified in:
- wind instruments:
- percussion instruments:
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